Biography of Michael Jackson

Michael Joseph Jackson, commonly referred to as the “King of Pop”, was born on August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana to Joseph Walter “Joe” Jackson and Katherine Esther Jackson. His father, a former boxer, worked as a steelworker with the US steel. Additionally, Joe performed with a local rhythm and blues band, the Falcons, to supplement the family’s income. His mother left the Baptist faith to become a Jehovah’s Witness in 1963. She played the piano and the clarinet very well and worked part time at Sears to support her family. Michael was the eighth child of the ten Jackson family with five brothers, who later became known as the Jackson 5, and three sisters. Michael was one of the influential and popular entertainers in the world and the best-selling music artist during the year of his death.

In 1964, Jackson made his musical debut with his other brothers namely Jackie, Tito, Jermaine and Marion as a member of the Jackson five musical group. He went solo in 1971 while still with Motown Records. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a household name in pop music. His musical videos have been credited as breaking racial barriers mostly especially those from the album Thriller. His 1987 album, Bad climbed the US billboard and became the first album to have five singles as number one. These singles included “Dirty Diana”, “The Man in the Mirror”, “The Way You Made Me Feel”, “Bad”, and “Can’t Stop Loving You”. Jackson became known worldwide as a touring artist and through stage and television performances, Jackson invented and popularized a number of dance steps, such as robot and moonwalk.

Jackson Thriller album is the best-selling album of all time with over 66 million copies sold worldwide. Jackson’s other albums “like off the wall”, released in 1979, “Bad”, released in 1987, “Dangerous”, released in 1991 and “HIStory”, released in 1995, also experienced some level of successes and ranked among top selling albums worldwide. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, making him one the few artists to have achieved that. He was also inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Dance hall of Fame as the only dancer to have been inducted from pop and rock music. Jackson received numerous awards and other personal achievements which included multiple Guinness World Records, including one for the Most Successful Entertainer of All Time, 13 Grammy Awards, The Grammy Legend Award, The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, 24 American Music Awards – the most recipient of this award more than any other artist and included the Artist of the Century Award, 13 number one singles in the United States during his incredible solo career – more than  any other male artist in the Hot 100 era – and an estimated record sales of over 350 million copies worldwide.

Jackson won many awards not only for his musical creativity but for his humanitarianism. In 2000, The Guinness Book of Records, recognized him for supporting up to 39 charities, more than any other artist.

Despite all this, Jackson courted a lot of controversies in the 1980s for his changing physical appearance, his relationships and behavior, and in 1993, he was accused of sexually molesting a boy by a family friend. The case went to court but later settled out of court for undisclosed fee. In 2005, he was once again accused of child sexual abuse but was found not guilty by the jury on all counts.

On June 25, 2009, Jackson died of cardiac arrest as a result of acute propofol and benzodiazepine overdose while preparing for his comeback concert, “This is it.” His death was later ruled as a homicide by the LA county Coroner and his personal physician Conrad Murray was convicted of involuntary manslaughter.

He was ranked as the top earning death celebrity by Forbes for five years running in 2017.

Biography of Bob Marley

Robert Nesta Marley was born on the 6th February 1945 to Norval Sinclair Marley and Cedelia Booker in Nine Mile, Saint Ann, Jamaica. Norval Marley was a British Jamaican and his mother, Cedelia Booker was an Afro-Jamican.  They planned to get married but Norval left Kingston before this could happen. Bob attended Stepney Primary School and Junior High School in Saint Ann and when he was just 10 years old in 1955, his father, Norval Marley died of a heart attack at the age of 70. Bob’s mother went on to marry Edward Booker, an American civil servant. The marriage produced bob’s two brothers, Richard and Anthony.

Bob Marley started his musical career in 1963, with the wailers, a group he formed with Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingston and in the February of 1966, Bob Marley married Rita Marley and she subsequently introduced him to Rastafarianism. By 1969, Bob Marley and all other members of the wailers had fully embraced Rastafarianism, which greatly influenced their music and the reggae music in general. The wailers did collaborations with Lee Scratch Perry, resulting in hit songs like “Soul Rebel”, “Duppy Conquerer”, “400 years” and “Small Axe”. But despite the success of these songs, Perry and the Wailers relationship ended abruptly when the wailers discovered that Perry has claimed the songs to be his and sold them in England without their consent. This crisis at that time brought the wailer’s music to the notice of Chris Blackwell, the owner of Island Music.

Blackwell signed the wailers to his record label and produced their first album, “Catch a Fire“. Their second album, “Burnin”, followed suit and contained tracks like “Get Up Stand Up” and “I Shot the Sheriff.” Tosh and Livingston left the wailers to start their solo careers in 1974. When they left, Bob formed the band “Bob Marley and the Wailers”, with his wife as one of the three backup singers the band had, called I-Trees.  The band produced several hit albums like “Natty Dread” and “Rastaman Vibration.”

During a period of political violence in 1976, an attempt was made on Bob Marley’s life that prompted him to move to England, where he lived in self-exiled for two years. While in England, “Exodus” was produced, and it remained on the British charts for 56 straight weeks. Bob and his band released another album, “Kaya”, which was also successful. These successes catapulted him to international prominence and limelight.

In 1977, Bob Marley, visited a doctor when he noticed that a wound in one of his toes would not heal. Doctors conducted tests and found out that it was cancer and offer to cut off that toe, but Bob Marley refused, saying it was against his Rastafarian belief. The cancer was kept a secret from the public while Bob continued with his musical career.

In 1978, Bob Marley returned to Jamaica and released “Survival” in 1979 and followed through with a European tour. In 1980, he was invited to perform at the independence celebration of Zimbabwe as the only foreign artist. Bob was recording incredible successes in his musical career, so he started an American tour. He played two shows at Madison Square Garden, but he collapsed while jogging in New York City’ Central Park on September 21, 1980. The cancer diagnosed earlier had spread to his lung, brain and stomach. Bob Marley died in a Miami hospital on May 11, 1981.